LTAD Stages - Indoor

8U FUNdamentals 8U FUNdamentals
  • The fundamentals stage is critical for developing fundamental sport skills, such as running, jumping, throwing, catching, passing, kicking, and striking 
  • Introduce basic tactical knowledge leading to modified games
  • Introduce motor skills (agility, balance, coordination, rhythm, time/space orientation, speed, dexterity etc.)
  • Introduce simple rules and ethics of the sport
  • Development self-confidence, focus and positive attitude
  • Instill the love of sport through active participation

Guiding principles (FUN through sport)

  • FUN, SAFETY and ACTIVE PARTICIPATION are of primary importance.
  • Create a stimulating learning environment.
  • Adapt the court to the age level of participants.
  • Limit communication to what is essential. Be clear, concise and adapt the terminology to the age level.
  • Coaches should be knowledgeable in child development.
  • No periodization but well structured programs and practices.



The mission of the coach is to create conditions, design and implement lessons that ensure the active involvement of all participants. The focus will be on fundamental movement skills and motor skills (ABC’s). The children will be introduced to activities in order to create motor patterns that will facilitate sport specific skill acquisition at the next stage of athlete development. Learning takes place in a FUN and JOYFUL environment.



Sleep for LTAD

  • Duration: 10-11 hours, plus 30 minute nap between 2-4pm
  • Quality: Maintain a regular sleep/nap routine; Ensure a comfortable sleep environment; Establish independent sleep initiating behaviors; Observe sleep for sleep disorders.
  • Phase: Establish a neutral sleep pattern between 9pm and 8am; Encourage predictable afternoon nap/rest; Establish reliable meal routines (breakfast is the most important meal of the day).
  • Key Points: Reinforce 15-30 min bedtime routine; Avoid stimulation 1-2 hours before bed, control "screen time"; Good nutrition and meal routines reinforce objectives; Introduce independent sleep initiating behaviors.

Check out the complete manual for Sleep, Recovery, and Human Performance at


Mental Fitness for LTAD

  • Core Principles: Children participate in structured and unstructured physical activity, games and play.  They do not commit solely to any one activity or sport.
  • Rather than winning and outcomes, fun creativity and effort are at the centre of sport activity.  Every activity offers children the opportunity to learn something and have fun with friends.
  • Basic concepts of relaxation and imagery can be introduced in creative and fun ways; Children's experiences, perceptions, thoughts and feelings from their participation in sport are acknowledged.
  • Basic rules and ethics in sports activities can be introduced.

Check out the complete manual for Mental Fitness for Long Term Athlete Development at



  • Pursue development of fundamental motor abilities: agility, coordination, balance, mobility, etc.
  • Due to the difficulty of training volleyball specific skills at this age, introduce Mini Volley Instructor’s Guide activities and HEROES volleyball, the official game for kids in grade 1, 2 and 3.
  • Emphasize the theme of interdependence and being the HERO by executing a task to bring your teammate back into the game.
  • Introduce playing rules, sportsmanship and the required movement patterns for the game of HEROES.
  • Develop basic elements related to technical actions in underhand serving, passing and attacking.
  • Introduce basic individual tactics: throwing the ball in a space where the other players are not.
  • Introduce the principles of volleyball: keep the ball off our court and try to ground the ball on your opponent’s court.
  • Develop a positive attitude and players’ self-esteem.
  • Develop a taste for sport and physical activity by ensuring active participation for all children.

percentage of Training time